Comparative Test: Fiat Panda 4 × April 1994 Fiat Panda 4 × vs April 2017 [#PandaRaidDM]
On the occasion of Panda Raid 2017, in which the team participates Diariomotor, we have acquired a Fiat Panda 1994 we wanted to take advantage (before changes) to make a comparative test with modern Panda and see first what has changed over the years. You can believe me when I say it's been a lot.
They are 32 years separating the two designs actually
First of all, presentations to place each in its corresponding time frame. Our Panda was registered in 1994 and has therefore 23 years old, but its design is 1980 and remains unchanged in this issue, so we should add another 14 years to be fair to the age of the model itself. We talked about a car 37 years behind their backs.
Meanwhile, Panda is the current 2012 Despite the latest and subtle restyling, so we're talking about a design with 5 years history. Based on these calculations seem more fair, we can say that are 32 years separating the two designs actually. What has changed in these years ?.
The chassis and passive safety
It is as if a 75 kg 120 kg plant after three decades
There are so many differences between the two models it is difficult to know where to start, so let's start with the general structure to go "riding" the two cars slowly.
The Panda 4 × Core 4 weighs 740 kg, while the new weights 1,190 kg (450 kg have gained in 32 years, 60%). It's like a 75 kg planted in 120 kg after three decades, ie, a real stupidity.
Original Panda is much more flexible and is not designed to withstand a severe accident
Apart from reasons behavioral and structural rigidity related to the dynamics of the car, the main reason for this increase is the introducing important safety measures in 1980 they began to know each other, but they were far from models applied to this most basic segment.
Essentially, we have a "cage" security surrounding the cabin, virtually indestructible and structures scheduled deformation in front and behind to protect us in case of impact. The chassis of the original Panda is much more flexible and is not designed to withstand the impact of a severe accident. Hardly resist its own weight on the roof rollover, and you can see how folds at the touch of the doors when parked in an awkward position. They do not close properly.
Weight gain results in safety and equipment
The doors are now much wider, are installed front and side airbags for protection and overall equipment level is much higher with luxuries such as automatic climate, windows engines, two additional doors and of course the extra weight of a diesel engine.
Weight gain results, therefore, safety and equipment.
Electronics and active safety
drivers were taught to stop beating emergency
Panda incorporates modern standard ABS brakes and stability control (ESP), two elements that have contributed to saving thousands of lives in recent decades.
In the time of the original Panda, drivers were taught to curb blows in case of emergency, giving intermittent stomping on the brake pedal that allowed to maintain control of the vehicle. This technique had two fundamental problems, the first is that in case of real emergency no driver untrained cold blood would run such a maneuver and the second is that even being able, slow us our right foot would lose much of braking capacity.
The direct consequence is that emergency braking ended with 4 wheels locked and the car moving in a perfectly straight line to the next obstacle.
Cornering Brake strong finish with the car looking in the opposite direction
Regarding the ESP, we can say that is such an important element as the ABS itself, as It allows us to control the car loses grip when cornering (Within certain limits) avoiding the loss of oversteer or understeer control. In an original Panda heavy braking curve end with the car looking in the opposite direction.
In addition to these essential elements of active safety, we now have better lighting, better seat belts pretensioners, notices to us abrochemos, Isofix child seat and a long list of elements intended to protect that 30 years ago did not even exist.
The engine of our original Panda is a 1.1 Single Point injection with 50 hp maximum power. A luxury, considering it was the first to leave the carburetor in the Panda range.
The electronic injection is a breakthrough, but its application to a single point of admission to the four combustion chambers means that the mixture of air and gasoline is common to all and is made in a single intake duct long before the camera , thereby loss of efficiency.
Differences in consumption are remarkable, despite having over 450 kg
The turbodiesel engine incorporates Panda our modern high-pressure direct and individualized for each camera shot. Without being a prodigy latest technology, this 1.3 Multijet homologated about 2 liters consumption lower original Panda, weighing 450 kg less.
If quisiéramoms compare them on more equal footing, we would be in the Panda range with the ultra twin TwinAir 0.9 liters and 85 hp, or in the worst cases 4 cylinder 69 hp, either with a much higher performance and lower fuel consumption to his grandfather.
Finishes and equipment
Inside the original Panda it is as simple as possible, without concessions
Finally we got into the car, and we started with the oldest.
Inside the original Panda is designed to be as simple as possible, without concessions. The dashboard is a bar across the passenger side by side forming a giant pocket and the instrument panel integrated into a single "box" all indicators and controls of the car. No radio.
Satellites behind the wheel are no indicators or drawings that give us clues to their function black levers. You have to drive them to see what makes each. The windows are lowered to handle and door handles is integrated into the armrest tiny, unique.
From about 100 km / h gives the feeling that the car is going to dismember in its war against air
The upholstery cover only a small rectangular surface of the doors and the exterior color is visible everywhere with large areas of sheet view. We could talk about sound insulation, if any, but it boils down to a bit of padding under the cover hood, and now, with what the car is very noisy from the time of starting the engine. With increasing speed, rolling and aerodynamic noise they are noting, so that from about 100 km / h takes a little afraid that the car can be dismembered in its war against air, such is the feeling noise and vibration out of control.
Everything works in harmony unattainable speeds up to his grandfather
On the other side of the ring, our young pugilist functions as a modern car and (comparatively) quiet. Doors closing make a muffled noise, the engine is perceived as a whisper despite their condition diesel and everything works in harmony to speeds unattainable for his grandfather. It is infinitely more comfortable and it features a dashboard worthy of the name, plus automatic air conditioning and other amenities.
We moved and differences do nothing but accentuate.
Our original Panda has a touch driving completely different from a modern car. Of course It does not have power steering, which makes it difficult to maneuver in standing, but that's not the highlight.
We are handling all based on muscle strength without aid
The feeling of driving an original Panda is to Back to the 80s. The management is very hard and imprecise, so we correcting the trajectory with small inputs all the time, as if it did not focus entirely in any position. The mechanical connection is so direct with wheels that can perceive absolutely everything that happens in contact with the asphalt.
The clutch pedal also has a very hard feeling, and the lack of assistance is also felt in the brake pedal. Being such a light car, we really have the feeling that we are handling all based on muscle strength without aid. The brake is soft, spongy, and has a long stretch of path in which no braking until finally, when we started to force begins to act to stop the car. Nothing to do with a modern brake or clutch a well attended.
The shifter, full of gaps, allows us to engage the gears "by proxy"
The shifter, full of gaps, allows us to engage the gears "to approach" with a first which is almost reductive and 4 other marches forward really usable although all quite short and in line with the low engine power.
In the end, with all that physical exertion and accompanying noise, driving the original Panda is really fun. It is very difficult to take quick and obviously is not built for that, but it is not necessary to enjoy the full flavor of a machine working like a machine, raw and simple as could be. It is also exhausting.
The rear leaf springs put the icing on the cake and are the protagonists of multiple rebounds and the feeling that the asphalt is always slightly wavy.
The current Panda drives like a toy
The contrast of modern Panda is bestial. Its very light steering, the accuracy of your shifter, light clutch or brake sobreasistido compared us away from the machine running below and we isolated from the mechanical part, leaving us in a small, comfortable lounge, with controls that to control the movement.
It so happens, moreover, that the feel of driving the current Panda is really nice and drives like a toy. The high suspension of 4 × 4 version in question contributes further to reinforce this sense, the go over potholes and speed bumps as if it were a fun game, while the paths of change invite us to use it with pleasure. Everything is smooth, fluid and silent, while still being fun but in a different style.
Comparative performance figures between the Fiat Panda 4 × 4 original and the Fiat Panda 4 × 4 current also help us take perspective gap that separates. Both being quite slow cars each in its time, it is interesting to see how some more horsepower and better aerodynamics make the new into a real missile compared to his grandfather. To make it fair, let's compare the petrol engine too, which would be the equivalent to the old.
characteristicsPanda 4 × 4 TwinAir 2016Panda 4 × 4 Multijet 2016Panda 4 × April 1994
|displacement||900 cm3||1300 cm3||965 cm3|
|Power||85 cv||95 cv||48 cv|
|Maximum speed||166 km / h||167 km / h||135 km / h|
|Acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h||12,1 s||12,5 s||17,5 s|
|Consumption 90 km / h||4.3 l / 100km||4.3 l / 100km||5.9 l / 100km|
|urban consumption||5.9 l / 100km||4.7 l / 100km||7.9 l / 100km|
To move to the rhythm of other traffic have to ask the maximum mechanical
Translating these figures to real life is even more palpable as to circulate the pace of other traffic have to ask the maximum mechanical in any pending or acceleration. Overtaking with the original Panda are virtually impossible, except in the case of a cyclist or a vehicle slow and uphill should be reduced one or two gears to try to keep pace on the road.
Of course, the current Panda 4 × 4 does not have the slightest problem or city or road or highway to keep up with traffic, although overtaking will also make quite margin, given that it is not just a prestacional car.
Upon reaching the off-road capabilities it is perhaps where we have been the biggest surprise.
The main problem of the Panda 4 × 4 1994 is its low ground clearance
As the Panda 4 × 4 Original so simple, so light and so hard vehicle, we had made up my mind that at least would be higher on slopes and on rough terrain, but even there we have perceived this advantage.
The main problem of Panda 4 × 4 1994 is the minimal ground clearance, particularly the front axle. It's easy to play with any stone down a little prominent we meet on the road as it is almost normal level of any other Panda. It is very low.
He makes you suffer and suffer for clues, giving the feeling that it will break
On the other hand, contact with the outside is much more direct, lacking good acoustic or minimally modern suspensions that filter what we are finding we isolation. If we add to this the noise that occurs and vibration generated, the reality is that the original Panda is a car that makes you suffer and suffer for clues, giving the feeling that is going to break.
Include its traction, but the power is very low and the first (despite being shorter than normal) is not short enough to cope with extreme slopes, where the car drowns before losing traction.
The Panda 4 × 4, 2017 seemed to us an excellent partner in the field
It's a tough and able to run on tracks and roads car, but definitely not an SUV.
On the opposite side, the Panda 4 × 4, 2017 seemed to us an excellent companion in the field. Its ground clearance is much higher, its infinitely superior insulation and interior, despite being built in hard plastics and unsophisticated materials,
It is solid and does not emit the slightest sound
passing through bumpy and rocky areas, giving the best of themselves precisely in these situations.
It is a car that gives confidence and feel comfortable with the harsh treatment
It is a car that gives confidence and feel comfortable with the harsh treatment, allowing a much higher step rates the same paths and a sense of security far superior to the old.
Its traction ultimately may not be as good, although the unit tested was wearing winter tires were nothing compared adequate taco wearing our Panda 4 × 4, so that comparative could not be fair at all times.
Personality and charisma of the original and authentic is inimitable for any modern reissue
The Fiat Panda is the last of the great Fiat. Version 4 × 4 found an ideal partner to leave the asphalt, but also a perfect model in which to see reflected the evolution of the automotive industry in recent decades.
At this time we have made great strides in safety, efficiency and comfort, but also in performance and capacity of movement on any surface, whether asphalt, dirt, rocks or mud. Even without the jacket version, the Panda Cross, conventional 4 × 4 version already exceeds all his grandfather, except for one thing: the personality and charisma of the original and authentic is inimitable for any modern reissue.
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